To drive in central London, owners of older, more polluting vehicles will be charged £21.50, almost twice as much as other motorists, the capital city's mayor Sadiq Khan announced this morning.
Pollution killed 9m people in 2015, causing three times as many deaths as Aids, tuberculosis and malaria combined -- as well as 15 times more than those caused by wars and all other forms of violence -- according to the report published in the medical journal, The Lancet.
London now exceeds World Health Organization (WHO) quotas for air pollution levels according to the city's mayor Sadiq Khan.
Sales of new diesel and petrol cars and vans will be banned from 2040 as part of the UK government's plans to tackle air pollution.
Swedish car company Volvo has become the first major car brand to announce it will exclusively make electric models from 2019.
Car pollution, coal power, plastic pollution, rising sea levels and food scarcity are all big issues.
A number of social and economic trends are changing the face of the urban landscape; one of the most prominent is the ever rising majority of the world’s population who are opting to become city dwellers.
Campaigners have long argued that the discarded plastic bag can ruin the view, spoil the country side, and damage the environment.
Pollution is responsible for one in four deaths among children aged five and under, making it a greater threat than Ebola according, to the World Health Organisation.
Unprecedented air pollution is being seen in population hot spots across the globe.
UK commuters who travel on the underground breathe in more than eight times as much polluted air as those who drive to work, according to a study published last week.
US president Donald Trump looks set to follow through with his campaign policy to build a wall between the US and Mexico, a border which spans roughly 2000 miles.